An elephant is the largest land animal on earth. These mainly occupy Sub Saharan Africa as well as south and south eastern Asia.
Elephants have distinctive features that make them stand out from other animals. For instance, long noses or trunks, flabby ears; and wide, thick legs. All these have different uses like, the long trunks for breathing and carrying things around.
Elephants are easily identified by flabby ears. African elephants have large ears shaped like the African continent while Asian elephants have small ears which are more round.
Elephants have a huge appetite and can eat over 100 kilograms of food in a day. They eat grasses, roots, fruit and bark. They use their trunks to pull the bark from trees and dig roots out of the ground.
Why Elephants stand out?
An elephant’s character is one of the most amazing things, they have qualities that make them stand out in their wild life. For instance, their leadership qualities. Elephants are led by a matriarch, the oldest female. They also move in a herd whereby they are always together except the males who tend to wander around. Herds consist of over 100 elephants.
Elephants tend to be protective of one another in the herds. An elephant protects another from intruders, until they sense no danger. Also, they have a number of rules within the herd like when they meet, they are expected to extend their trunks in greeting.
They are also known to be intelligent animals for instance, they can easily sense danger from a far and do whatever they can to eliminate it. They also display signs of grief, anger as well as joy. Elephants have adopted touching as a form of communication that is, they touch each other with their trunks in order to communicate.
Elephants are very interesting and intriguing animals indeed. In Uganda the best places to see the African Forest Elephants are parks such as Queen Elizabeth (QENP), Murchison Falls (MFNP) and Kidepo Valley (KVNP) National Parks. There are around 5,000 elephants in Uganda today. They are mostly found in the landscapes of Kidepo, Murchison-Semliki, and the Greater Virunga Landscape