The amazing Lake Nabugabo is located in Masaka District, Central Uganda. The Lake is approximately 23 kilometers (14 miles) by road, East of Masaka town. It is a satellite lake of Lake Victoria special for its beaches, coastlines and many rare bird species.
The Lake was formed as a result of sand dunes resulting from strong winds, It is separated from Lake Victoria by a sand bar. The Lake covers an area of 22,000 hectares. It is a shallow freshwater lake 8.2 km long by 5 km wide. This lake is surrounded by Loudetia swamp, especially to the north and has miscanthidium papyrus and sphagnum swamps
Lake Nabugabo has a unique biodiversity
Almost 300 plant species have been recorded, the catchment area is home to two endemic flowering plants not found elsewhere, and 14 species in Uganda known only in this area. The most striking character of the rare Nabugabo plants is the relative dominance of carnivorous plants.
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Indigenous fish (Cichlidae) is recorded, three other species were introduced into the lake in the 1950’s, namely Oreochromis niloticus, O. leucosticus and Tilapia Zillii.
The fauna ecosystem consists of a wide variety of key animal communities; Hippopotamus and Sitatunga, among the birds King Fisher and Crested Crane are found.
Nabugabo is an important migratory stopover-destination for Migratory bird species – at times during the year, the site (listed as an Important Bird Area) holds more than 15% of the world’s population of the Blue Swallow and support five globally threatened and nearly threatened birds.