Hepatitis B is a life threatening liver infection. It is a virus that infects the liver. It can cause chronic infection and puts people at high risk of death especially from liver cancer. If treated earlier in adults, it may not become chronic. However, children are at a high risk of developing chronic Hepatitis B.
It is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). This is through contact with the blood and body fluids of an infected person. Such fluids may include blood, saliva as well as semen. It is believed that a mother can also infect her born baby with the virus through blood transmissions.
A number of people do not realize they have hepatitis B. this is because they never experience any symptoms. However, with time, some of the symptoms may include; Abdominal pain, Dark urine, Fever, Joint pain, Loss of appetite, Nausea (vomiting), Body weakness (fatigue) as well as Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice).
All these symptoms may not be noticed until one has developed a liver infection in the long run.
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Treatment and prevention
Some say that with time, the symptoms may go away. However, medicine may be given to the affected person depending to whether it is acute or chronic.
Since chronic Hepatitis B can lead to severe liver damage, one might need to undergo a liver transplant.
The best prevent measure is vaccination. This is in 3 or 4 shots with a time frame between each shot. For example after the first shot the next is after one month and the last after six months. Everyone who is sexually active is at risk of acquiring the virus there fore should be vaccinated.
In other cases, one can prevent it through;
- Use a condom when you have sex.
- Not sharing needles.
- Wear gloves if you have to touch blood especially for medical personnel.
- Don’t share toothbrushes or razors.
Much as there is a vaccine for the virus, there is no cure for it. Therefore it is best to prevent and avoid infection by all way means.
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